Hal R. Arkes received his doctorate in cognitive psychology from the University of Michigan in 1971. Since 1972 he has been a faculty member in the Department of Psychology at Ohio University, where he twice served as the chairman. From 1993 to 1995 and again from 1998 to 2000 he was a co-director of the Program in Decision, Risk, and Management Science at the National Science Foundation. In 1996-1997 he served as the President for the Society for Judgment and Decision Making. His current interests are in the fields of medical, economic, legal, and environmental decision making. His earlier interests were quite different. For example, in the 1970s he served tens of thousands of meals as a cook in the US Army.